skip to Main Content
Medicinal, culinary and unusual botanicals from around the world View Cart My Account

Erythroxylum australe (plant)


5.0 (3 reviews)


A member of the Erythroxylaceae family, Erythroxylum australe is a shrub or small tree in dry rainforest north from the McPherson Range (NSW/QLD border). It also occurs in the Northern Territory. One or two sub-species possibly exist, one is Erythroxylum sp. ‘Splityard Creek’ which has wider leaves and veins which do not loop as much as E. australe. Erthroxylum ellipticum and Erythroxylum ecarinatum (rare and endangered) are other native Erthroxylum species which occur in North Queensland. Native Erythroxylum species are illegal in some states, notably NSW.

The leaves of Erythroxylum australe contain Meteloidine, a tropane alkaloid also present in Datura metel. Chewing of the leaves is said to produce an unpleasant constriction of the throat, whilst smoking the leaves produces a pleasant (?) effect similar to but milder than Datura species. The roots of Erythroxylum australe contain Dihydroxytropacocaine and Methylecgonidine which are likely to be active.

Care and Cultivation of Erythroxylum australe

Propagation of Erythroxylum australe is by seed, cuttings appear to be very hard or impossible to strike. The ripe red or orange fruit contain one seed and tastes sweet, being sought after by birds. The seed is removed from the flesh and planted immediately (the seed should only be viable for a couple of months, cold storage may increase viability). Plant 1cm deep in a rich moist potting mix. Germination should occur within 21 days. Once they are big enough, they can be potted up separately or planted out.

Erythroxylum australe are very drought tolerant and they make a handsome addition to the waterwise garden. Well drained soil in full sun or part shade. They can be pruned, fertilised and watered to maintain an attractive habit. Some people are even making hedges out of them as they shape well and are a short shrub (1-2m). I am finding they make an excellent drought hardy bonsai that trains well.

1 plant or choose other options

Additional information


, ,

3 reviews for Erythroxylum australe (plant)

  1. Avatar

    Martin D

    These plants arrived super fast and in perfect health. Beautiful looking plant too. Established and showing signs of new growth within a week. A must-have for any collector of Natives/Medicinals.

  2. Avatar


    One of my favourite native plants, makes a great bonsai!

  3. Avatar


    I have purchased a few of these off here. Always happy with my purchases!
    Really well established root system and very healthy plant.

Only logged in customers who have purchased this product may leave a review.

Close search


Back To Top
×Close search