Siraitia grosvenorii – Arhat Fruit (plant)
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Siraitia grosvenorii is a herbaceous perennial vine of the Cucurbitaceae (gourd) family, native to southern China and northern Thailand. The plant is cultivated for its fruit, whose extract is nearly 300 times sweeter than sugar and has been used in China as a natural low-calorie sweetener for cooling drinks, and in traditional Chinese medicine to treat diabetes and obesity (taken from Wikipedia). Also called luo han guo or lo han kuo, la han qua, Buddha fruit, monk fruit, or longevity fruit.
Care and Cultivation Siraitia grosvenorii is traditionally cultivated in mountainous regions of China; a trellis should be provided and cool/foggy climates are tolerated well. I have found it grows well in part shade in Australian subtopics with occasional tendency towards powdery mildew on the leaves at times of the year. Forms an above ground tuber. Well drained rich soil.